The Future of Marine Biotechnology for Industrial Applications to 2025

The global market for marine biotechnology has the potential to reach $6.4 billion by 2026. Learn more about Smithers Rapra expert market research.


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Product detail
Product type: Market report
Date of publication: 23 Oct 2015
Product format: Digital Copy, Hard Copy

The Future of Marine Biotechnology for Industrial Applications to 2025 states that key drivers for the market are new applications of marine derived enzymes in the cosmetics industry and use of marine algae and micro algae in biofuel production. The need for major infrastructure investments may be a restraining factor for the market. North America has the largest market for marine biotechnology, mainly focused on the production of algae-derived bioenergy. However, Asia-Pacific is the fastest growing market due to the aquaculture and hydrocolloid segments. Europe is also one of the leading regions for growth and is poised to emerge as a major regional market thanks to its underexplored marine resources.


Our exclusive content:

  • In-depth exploration ofthe marine biotechnology for industrial applications market
  • Analysis of key technology trends expected to impact the industry
  • Detailed ten-year forecasts on important developments in the marine biotechnology value chain

What methodology is used?

The Future of Marine Biotechnology for Industrial Application to 2025 completed an extensive literature search, mainly using electronic databases, scientific publications, industry journals and trade publications. Also very useful were reports of the OECD, of the European Science Foundation, the European Commission and strategic plans of various governments whose countries have a large maritime economic zone. Further, annual reports, presentations of the major players at leading conferences on marine biotechnology and the bio-based economy, and public announcements or press releases of companies and funding agencies were used. Direct contacts were also established with marine biotechnology actors from all continents.

What will you discover?

  • In-depth analysis of the marine biotechnology value chain broken down by sources, technologies and markets
  • Key alliances and partnerships within the marine biotechnology market
  • Exclusive industry data based on an in-depth analysis of literature, including industry journals and scientific publications

Who should buy this report?

  • Industrial biotechnology companies and product manufacturers
  • Raw material suppliers
  • Buyers of industrial biotechnology products
  • Bio-reactor suppliers
  • Industrial biotechnology R&D organizations
  • Industry consultants and analysts

Table of Contents


Executive summary

  • Marine biotechnology
  • Marine sources and products
  • Core technologies
  • Industry development
  • Drivers and barriers
  • Markets
  • Technology trends
  • Business models
  • Partnerships are key

1. Introduction and methodology

  • Introduction to the report
  • Report objective and scope
  • Methodology
  • List of definitions

2. The marine biotechnology value chain

  • Introduction
  • Marine biotechnology – a primer
  • Marine Sources
    • Marine fungi
    • Microalgae
    • Macroalgae
    • Corals and sponges
    • Marine viruses
  • Core technologies
    • Enrichment, isolation and cultivation of microorganisms
    • Culture-independent techniques
    • Large scale implementation
  • Products and markets
    • Food and feed
    • Energy
    • Biomaterials, industrial products and processes
    • Environment
    • Health and well-being
  • Industry development
  • Drivers and barriers
  • Investment and economics in industrial biotechnology

3. Technology trends and disruptive technologies

  • R&D trends
    • Omic tools
    • High throughput molecular analysis
    • Metabolic engineering and synthetic biology
    • Cultivation of marine organisms
    • Towards a marine biorefinery
    • Accessing and preserving valuable georesources
    • Taking care of our environment
    • Feeding the world
  • Disruptive technologies
    • Single cell genomics methods
    • Nanopore DNA sequencing technology
    • Progress in proteomics
    • New culture systems in bioprospecting
    • Co- or mixed culture systems
    • Mining for biorefinery-relevant enzymes
    • Tailored traits to microorganisms
    • Marine nutraceuticals and functional foods and feeds
    • Advancing the fields of biogenic materials and nanotechnology
    • Operational clustering and integration

4. Alliances and partnerships in marine biotechnology

  • Some key companies
    • Microalgae: biofuels and beyond
    • Food and feed ingredients and additives
    • Enzymes
  • Business models
  • Partnering for growth

5. Forecasts to 2025

  • How will the marine biotechnology industry develop to 2025?
  • Value chain forecasts
  • Market forecasts

Regulatory Landscape

  • Access to marine genetic material
  • Intellectual property rights

Tables and Figures

Tables of Figures:

  • Figure 1. Perspectives of marine biotechnology. Adapted from Norgenta and DSN (2012).
  • Figure 2. Simplified depiction of the marine biotechnology value-chain. At some point, the stages or processes in the value chain may become specific to other biotechnology or industry sectors
  • Figure 3. Projections for global marine biotechnology market
  • Figure 4. Technology trends in marine biotechnology
  • Figure 5. Perspectives of marine biotechnology. Adapted from Norgenta and DSN (2012)
  • Figure 6. The tree of life. Adapted
  • Figure 7. Omic approaches in marine biotechnology
  • Figure 8. Typical feed conversion ratios (kg body mass gain per kg feed intake) for farmed animals
  • Figure 9. World capture fisheries and aquaculture production. Data from the FAO.13
  • Figure 10. Fish meal production. Data from International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organisation
  • Figure 11. Potential applications of biotechnology in the recovery of oil from reservoirs
  • Figure 12. Simplified depiction of the marine biotechnology value-chain. At some point, the stages or processes in the value chain may become specific to other biotechnology or industry sectors
  • Figure 13. Estimates of the value of the global marine biotechnology sector
  • Figure 14. Schematics of the metagenomics process
  • Figure 15. Core metabolic network of biochemical reactions. Circles indicate metabolites and lines indicate conversions by enzymes
  • Figure 16. Example of a synthetic pathway implemented in a microorganism, from central carbon pathway to isoprene
  • Figure 17. Schematics of a microalgae biorefinery concept
  • Figure 18. Biorefinery concept using seaweeds
  • Figure 19. Biofouling formation mechanism and timings
  • Figure 20. Single-cell genomics pipeline
  • Figure 21. Illustration of a single-stranded DNA homopolymer translocating through a silicon nitride nanopore (Credit: University of Pennsylvania)
  • Figure 22. Cost of genome sequencing. Post-Sanger sequencing created a significant decrease in 2008. The nanopore technology will create a similar effect dramatically decreasing the current DNA sequencing costs
  • Figure 23. Structures of some marine based polysaccharides as compared to cellulose
  • Figure 24. Mangrove ecosystem (credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA)
  • Figure 25. Comparison of classical biodiesel production from microalgae with the direct process for renewable diesel production using engineering microorganism
  • Figure 26. Nanotechnology markets
  • Figure 27. Diatoms capable of synthesizing biogenic silica (credit: U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
  • Figure 28. Integrated seawater energy and agriculture system
  • Figure 29. Schematic representation of Alltech's integrated farming concept
  • Figure 30. Algenol's vertical reactors (photo gallery, at, accessed 27-08-2015)
  • Figure 31. Projections for global marine biotechnology market
  • Figure 32. Market for marine-derived drugs
  • Figure 33. Market for omega-3 fatty acids
  • Figure 34. Markets for carrageenan and alginate

List of Tables:

  • Table 1. The oceans – the largest ecosystem on earth
  • Table 2. The census of marine life
  • Table 3. Key facts about marine microorganisms
  • Table 4. Current and potential commercial uses of microalgae
  • Table 5. Current and potential commercial uses of macroalgae
  • Table 6. Important marine sources and research areas
  • Table 7. Challenges for the large-scale implementation of culture systems for marine microorganisms
  • Table 8. Applications of marine biotechnology in food and feed sectors
  • Table 9. Energy and derived applications of marine biotechnology
  • Table 10. Application of marine biotechnology in the environmental sector
  • Table 11. The marine pharmaceutical clinical pipeline.,,,,
  • Table 12. Examples of currently marketed marine biotechnology cosmetic products
  • Table 13. Marine biotechnology applications in the health and well-being markets
  • Table 14. Drivers of marine biotechnology
  • Table 15. Drivers and barriers for marine biotechnology
  • Table 16. Omics research trends in marine biotechnology
  • Table 17. Trends in high-throughput molecular analysis
  • Table 18. Systems biology trends for marine biotechnology
  • Table 19. Challenges impacting the ability to culture novel marine microorganisms
  • Table 20. Compared advantages and disadvantages of open pond vs. closed photobioreactors for cultivation of microalgae
  • Table 21. Compared advantages and disadvantages of cultivation of seaweeds in the wild vs. in land-based aquaculture
  • Table 22. Trends in the cultivation of marine biotechnology
  • Table 23. Trends in R&D for a microalgae biorefinery
  • Table 24. Main differences between lignocellulosic and seaweed biomass
  • Table 25. Typical composition of seaweeds
  • Table 26. Trends in R&D for a macroalgae biorefinery
  • Table 27. Bioshere meets geosphere
  • Table 28. Increase in required shaft power in a U.S. Navy destroyer with a range of coating and fouling conditions at two speeds with reference to an hydraulically smooth surface
  • Table 29. Trends in R&D for the contribution of marine biotechnology to environmental applications
  • Table 30. Trends in R&D for a food and feed
  • Table 31. Major advances in proteomics
  • Table 32. Limitations inherent to the culture of marine bacteria and novel culture techniques to overcome them
  • Table 33. R&D priorities in co- or mixed-culture systems
  • Table 34. Potential of marine-derived enzymes for the deconstruction of biomass (both terrestrial and marine)
  • Table 35. R&D challenges for marine nutraceuticals and functional foods
  • Table 36. R&D challenges for marine-derived feeds
  • Table 37. Examples of nanomaterials and applications from marine biotechnology
  • Table 38. Cellana quick-facts
  • Table 39. Sapphire Energy quick-facts
  • Table 40. Joule Unlimited quick-facts
  • Table 41. Algenol quick-facts
  • Table 42. Algenol quick-facts
  • Table 43. The Martek story
  • Table 44. Fermentalg quick-facts
  • Table 45. Calysta quick-facts
  • Table 46. Biomar quick-facts
  • Table 47. Some examples of partnerships in marine biotechnology
  • Table 48. Some examples of acquisitions in marine biotechnology
  • Table 49. Asia, a region at the core of the future of marine biotechnology
  • Table 50. Summary of value-chain forecasts
  • Table 51. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
  • Table 52. The Convention on Biological Diversity
  • Table 53. The Nagoya Protocol
  • Table 54. Copyright applicable to databases
  • Table 55. Can marine genetic resources obtained in high seas be protected?
  • Table 56. Pitfalls of access and benefit sharing agreements